A wonderful views of been in the middle of the island seeing the North and the South of the Island. Extremely beautiful landscapes await travellers as they cross two types of ecosystems, both of which are part of the European Network of Sites of Community Interest – Natura 2000 Network: the Central Mountainous Massif and the Laurisilva Forest.
São Vicente Caves and Volcanism Centre
Formed 890 thousand years ago, these are among the first caves of volcanic origin to be opened to the public in Portugal.
The São Vicente Caves were formed 890 thousand years ago by a volcanic eruption, which occurred in Paul da Serra. The outer part of the lava that was exposed to lower temperatures, solidified rapidly while the inside remained liquid with lots of gases, forming a series of lava tubes.
The caves were first reported in 1885 by locals, and opened to the public on October 1st, 1996.
They were among the first volcanic caves to be opened to the public in Portugal and may be visited by following an underground route running for over 1,000 m. The height of the caves varies between 5 and 6 metres.
At the end of the tour, visitors may access the Volcano Centre, a pavilion offering a range of educational and entertaining audiovisual displays that recreate the geological evolution of the caves, the eruption of a volcano and even a simulation of the birth of the Madeira Islands.
The parish owes its name to Saint Vicent, patron saint of this parish.One of the theories believes that around the time Madeira Island was colonized, the first settlers of the northern coast, when coming down via Encumeada, towards the valley of São Vicente, found numerous crows flying over it. This situation reminded them of São Vicente, whose mortal remains had been defended by a crow, and so decided to call this place after the Spanish martyr.
São Vicente is a civil parish situated in the northern coast of Madeira Island. Here you will find they are pleasant and relaxing as time to them is not issue as tomorrow will be another day , the people from Funchal love to come over to the north to feel the breeze and comfort of the locals. There are plenty restaurants where you can enjoy good local food and drinks.